Third Bolshevik Wave Coming to an End in Russia, Pastukhov Says
Staunton, October 31 – In the century and a half since the first Crimean war, Russia has experienced three waves of Bolshevism, Vladimir Pastukhov says, the result of the unresolved clash between the Slavophiles and Westernizers and the special role of the Russian religious impulse as the bridge between them.
But now the third wave is coming to an end, the St. Antony’s College historian says, and it can be followed only by “a completely new force” which will consist either of “genuine liberals or genuine fascists” and not the simulacrum of each with which Russia has been living in recent times.
According to Pastukhov, in recent months, Russian society and not just the urban intelligentsia has awoken from its “deep political sleep” and “unexpectedly entered into motion.” What is striking about this development even to the most superficial of observers is “the religious nature of this movement.”
“’Crimea is ours’” is “not so much a political slogan as a symbol of faith,” he continues. Not that of the church or of Christianity, of course, but rather of the opponents of Christianity Dostoyevsky described in “the possessed” and that are “genetically connected with Russian bolshevism which is deeply hostile to Christianity.”
Consequently, the rise of Eurasianism which is closely tied to this trend virtually to the status of a state ideology in Putin’s Russia represents, Pastukhov argues, “the third and last stage of the evolution of Bolshevism” and presages its “complete and final dissolution.”
“The religious nature of Bolshevism and its deep connection with Orthodoxy and its rootedness in Russian culture were no secret already at the beginning of the 20th century,” the historian notes. “’Vekhi’” was written about it. Indeed, one can speak about the three component parts of Bolshevism: Westernism, Slavophilism, and the Orthodox religious tradition which allowed for the …read more